Glossary

A short list of words used on this site in relation to the internet (part 2):

LAN

Local Area Network. A linked set of computers in a limited area, such as a building.

Line Noise

Disruption of communication due to interference on the telephone line.

Login

The process of dialling your system and identifying yourself with a user name and password.

Lurker

Someone who reads messages in newsgroups, but doesn't contribute.

Mailing List

A discussion group where the messages are distributed by e-mail.

Modem

MOdulator-DEModulator. Connects your computer to the telephone system.

Mosaic

A WWW graphical browser.

Netscape

Another WWW graphical browser. They are both available for a wide variety of different platforms (PC, Apple etc.).

Net Surfer

Someone who 'wanders' from site to site, looking for interesting things.

Newbie

Someone who is new to the Internet.

Newsgroup

A message area. Part of USENET, superficially similar to a Mailing List.

OLR

Off Line Reader. It stores your messages, connects to your server, sends them and collects new ones ready to read after disconnecting.

Public Domain

Software that is freely available to anyone. (cf. Shareware.)

Serial

The port to which a modem (or mouse) is connected -- and the cable by which it is connected.

Server

A computer that has software to allow other computers to connect with it.

Service Provider

See ISP.

Shareware

Software that is freely available for you to try -- but which you are expected to pay for if you wish to continue to use.

Site

Any one of the millions of individual networks that, together, comprise the Internet.

Telnet

An Internet system by which you can log in to other computer systems on the Internet.

Thread

A series of postings that are linked together.

UART

A controller chip in your serial port.

Upload

The sending of a file from your computer to someone else's.

URL

Uniform Resource Locator. The 'address' of an Internet resource.

UUencode

A method of translating binary code into ASCII data so that it can be sent as e-mail. The recipient will have to UUDecode to convert it back. Many mail packages will do this almost automatically.

V.21-V.34

A series of standards relating to modem speeds. You need V.32bis or V.34.

V.42

An error correction standard. V.42bis has data compression too.

WAN

Wide Area Network. A means of connecting computers sited further afield than you'd find in a LAN.

WWW

The World Wide Web. What a lot of this book is about.

Zip

The most common way of compressing (or archiving) a file, using the PKZip archiver.


Glossary A - I
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