Glossary

A short list of words used on this site in relation to the internet (part 1):

Address

Either the address of a user (usually a name, followed by '@' and some other bits, separated by dots) ... or the address ('URL') of an Internet site (usually preceded by 'http://...' or 'ftp://...'

ANSI

American National Standards Institute. They approve standards in many areas -- including one of the computer character sets.

Arc

A method of compressing files using PKARC. An out-of-date method, but there are still plenty of them about.

Archie

One of the searching tools available, Archie searches for files available for FTP.

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Exchange. The lingua franca of the computer world, this simple set is all that can be reliably sent by e-mail. (Note: the '£' sign is NOT one of these!)

Bandwidth

The amount of traffic in a newsgroup or conference. If there's a high bandwidth, there's a lot of mail!

Baud

The speed of a modem. The figure is close to, but not the same as the number of bits per second that the modem will send or receive.

BBS

Bulletin Board System

Bit

The smallest unit of storage in a computer, this represents a single letter or character.

BPS

Bits per second. The figures are bigger than Baud so BPS is much used in advertising.

Blinking

Using an Off Line Reader to access an online system.

Bookmark

A reference in your Web browser (or similar) to a site to which you may want to reconnect.

Bounce

If the system cannot deliver your e-mail, it is 'bounced' back to you (if you are lucky!)

Byte

A group of eight bits.

CIS

(Or CI$). Compuserve, an American BBS. The '$' suggests that the system is expensive!

CIX

A popular UK BBS -- or -- the Commercial Internet Exchange, an agreement among ISPs about the commercial use of the Internet.

COIN

Christians On the INternet. An ever-so-friendly UK user group that is well worth joining and who helped publish this book :-)

Conference

See Forum.

Crash

A total system failure.

Domain

Part of an Internet address

Download

To collect a file from another computer to yours.

Duplex

To send signals simultaneously to and from your computer.

E-mail

Electronic Mail.

Ethernet

A local area network system

FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions. Can be found all over the Internet.

Finger

A program that displays information on users and other things on a remote system.

Flame

An abusive or personal attack on another user.

FTP

File Transfer Protocol.

Gopher

A system for exploring the Internet.

Hacker

Someone who enjoys exploring computer systems. It doesn't always mean an illegal hacker, as the Press seem to think.

Hayes

A modem manufacturer whose commands have become the standard.

Header

Part of a mail packet that shows the source, destination and route. The 'envelope' of your message.

HTML

HyperText Mark-up Language. The set of controls that produce smart WWW documents.

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol. The method that the WWW uses to transfer those smart WWW documents.

IRC

Internet Relay Chat. A sort of real-time conference.

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network. The high-powered 'telephone' line used to connect servers to the Internet.

ISP

Internet Service Provider. A commercial company which allows you to access the Internet.


Glossary J - Z
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